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The Academic Impact Of Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society (CHSS) Studies
Jeffrey Phillip Jacobs1, Tara Karamlou2, Hani K. Najm2, Bradley S. Marino2, Eugene H. Blackstone2, Lars G. Svensson, MD2.
1University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA, 2Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective:
We reviewed all publications generated by three different CHSS cohorts to estimate the academic impact of these cohorts
Methods:
The CHSS Transposition Study enrolled 891 patients from 24 institutions (1985-1989) and generated 11 PubMed-listed manuscripts.
The CHSS Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum (PA-IVS) STUDY enrolled 448 patients from 33 institutions (1987-1997) and generated 4 PubMed-listed manuscripts.
The CHSS Critical Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction (LVOTO) Study enrolled 1241 patients from 29 institutions (2005-2019) and generated 9 PubMed-listed manuscripts.
We queried PubMed to determine the number of publications that referenced the manuscripts generated by these cohorts.
Results:
The 24 manuscripts generated from these 3 cohorts were referenced by a total of 250 references in PubMed-listed manuscripts.
The 11 manuscripts generated from the CHSS Transposition Study were referenced by a total of 111 manuscripts. Median number of references/manuscript=9 (range=0 22, mean=10.1).
The 4 manuscripts generated from the CHSS PA-IVS Study were referenced by a total of 81 manuscripts. Median number of references/manuscript=19 (range=7 38, mean=20.2).
The 9 manuscripts generated from the CHSS Critical LVOTO Study were referenced by a total of 58 manuscripts. Median number of references/manuscript=5 (range=0 22, mean=6.4).
Conclusion:
CHSS studies are widely referenced in the pediatric cardiac surgical literature, with over 10 references per published manuscript. These cohorts provide unique information unavailable in other sources of data.


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